Hip-Hop Research


  • To understand copyright issues around sampling and hip-hop production techniques.
  • Lobby for change in copyright law to reduce the friction in the creative process when using samples, by making them more affordable to use and clearer guidelines.
  • Educate myself about hip-hop in order to have more to share with students. Help university music programs be more diverse and inclusive.
  • Develop a paper about the effect of changes in sampling law on the evolution of hip-hop music.

Production techniques


Diversity Associates Program

This work began under the auspices of BSU's Diversity Associates Program under the leadership of Charlene Alexander. David W. Concepción (Professor and Chair, Dept. of Philosophy & Religious Studies) was my mentor and faculty developer. He is passionate about the music dating back to wearing out his vinyl copy of Rapper's Delight in 1979, and was a big help throughout the year, and helped develop discussion topics for class such as:

  • Hyper-masculinity in rap music and videos
  • Lyrics and imagery
  • Context of language
  • Images of women
  • Evolution of sub-bass

Indiana Artists

Under construction



  • Run-D.M.C.: Run-D.M.C. (1984), Raising Hell  (1986)

  • De La Soul: 3 Feet and Rising (1989), De La Soul Is Dead (1991)

  • A Tribe Called Quest: People’s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm (1990), The Low End Theory (1991)

  • Public Enemy: Yo! Bum Rush The Show (1987), It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back (1988), Fear Of A Black Planet (1991)

  • LL Cool J: Bigger and Deffer (1987), Mama Said Knock You Out (1990)

  • EPMD: Unfinished Business (1989), Business Never Personal (1992)

  • Big Daddy Kane: Long Live The Kane (1988), Taste Of Chocolate (1990)

  • Eric B. & Rakim: Paid In Full (1987), Follow The Leader (1988)

  • MC Hammer: Let’s Get It Started (1988), Please Hammer, Don’t Hurt ‘Em (1990), Too Legit TO Quit (1991)

  • N.W.A.:Straight Outta Compton (1988), Boogie Down Productions,Criminal Minded (1987),By All Means Necessary (1988)

  • Biz Markie: The Biz Never Sleeps (1989)

  • Beastie Boys: Licensed To Ill (1986), Paul’s Boutique (1989), Ill Communication (1994)

  • Vanilla Ice: To The Extreme –(1990),The Predator (1992)

  • Arrested Development: 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of… (1992)

  • Dr. Dre:The Chronic  (1992)

  • The Notorius B.I.G.Ready To Die (1994)


  • Something From Nothing: The Art of Rap, 2012.

  • Doug Pray. Scratch. Palm Pictures, 2001.

  • Benjamin Franzen. Copyright Criminals. Copyright Criminals, LLC, 2010.

  • Brett Gaylor. RIP: A Remix Manifesto. EyeSteelFilm, 2009.

  • Mark McNeil and Bryan Younce. Secondhand Sureshots. Stones Throw Records, 2010.

  • VH1: And You Don't Stop 30 Years of Hip-Hop, 2004.

  • History of hip-hop -

  • Sanchir Enkhbayar. Secondhand Sureshots. Documentary about four DJs making songs using five found records, spending a maximum of $5.

  • Thibaut de Longeville and Lisa Leone. Just For Kicks. Documentary on tennis shoes.