Future Directions

In this performance of Brahms' Second Sympony, Henning Kasten directed on long continuous shot in each movement to capture perspectives of each instrument. The sound design ehnahces whichever instrument the camera is focusing on at the moment.

Video Example 27: A Flight Through The Orchestra. 

Showing performers playing instruments is just one option for a visual component. Some of the understanding developed in directing concert music videos can be applied to other media. Here are some options the author has explored.

Video Example 28: Max/MSP and iTunes Visualizer.

The software Max/MSP has video capabilities that can integrate with MIDI and audio. This microtonal improvisation used a custom patch to generate notes in a third tone scale driven by typing on the keyboard. Once the typing stops the image is driven from the iTunes visualizer.

Video Example 29: Performance by the author of Tom North's "P.M."

During this performance the pitches, pitch bend, and volume pedal of the keyboard begin modulating the image beginning during the solo at 1:48. The key number of the pitch controls the horizontal position of the image, the pitch bend wheel rotates it, and the volume pedal zooms.

Experiments done with the visualization of MIDI data in collaboration with Josh Sonnier and his team at the Louisiana Immersive Technologies Enterprise (LITE):

Figure 6

Figure 6

Figure 7

Figure 7

Video Example 30: MIDI data visualization experiment at the LITE Center (no sound)

Video Example 31: Test of Nancarrow's music driving animation.

This interface was tested with Conlon Nancarrow's "Tango?". We are interested in collaborating with the animation program to continue the work that was started at the LITE center.

Students in the Music Media Production program at Ball State have been experimenting with new visual techniques to accompany their music productions.

Peyton Cox presented her senior recital in the Brown Planetarium. The general idea can be seen in this video shot of the dome. The experience in the planetarium was richer and more enveloping. Dayne Thompson, the assistant director of the planetarium controlled the projections.

Video Example 32: Ball State University's Charles W. Brown Planetarium presented Peyton Cox's "Pendulum"

Video Example 33: Song by Cory Runyon incorporating video game action.

Cory Runyon incorporated footage from a video game designed by Hideo Kojima for Konami that inspired the composition of his song.


Video Example 34: "If I Had My Way"

For his senior project, Kohl Kitzmiller produced this recording inspired by Eric Whitacre's Virtual Choir.

Suggestions for other projects to investigate:





Bender, William. Review of Maestro of the Screen. American Record Guide, March/April 2010.

Berliner Philharmoniker, The Digital Concert Hall.

Bernstein, Leonard. Scripts for the Young People’s Concerts. Leonard Bernstein. May 20, 2016.

Browning, Kirk. Interview conducted by Robert Willey, June 23, 2004.

Crutchfield, Will. “Video View: Karajan Faces Stiff Competition: Karajan.” The New York Times, July 18, 1993.

Erben, Susan. Interview conducted by Robert Willey, 2005.

Hevesi, Dennis. "Kirk Browning, 86, Dies; Put the Arts on TV", New York Times, February 13, 2008,

Pattison, Pat. Prosody.” The U.S.A. Songwriting Competition, May 5, 2011. Web. 6 May 6, 2016.

Vaughan, Roger. Herbert von Karajan: A Biographical Portrait. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1986.

Willey, George. “The Visualization of Music on Television With Emphasis on The Standard Hour.” Ph.D. diss. Stanford University, 1956.

Wübbolt, George. Herbert von Karajan: Maestro for the Screen.  Ducale Music, 2008.

©2016 Robert Willey